(explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world),
what is considered "the Queen of Sciences",
or first philosophy.
Again, it was understood to refer to the chronological or pedagogical order among our philosophical studies, so that the "metaphysical sciences" would mean "those that we study after having mastered the sciences that deal with the physical world".
The word metaphysics derives from the Greek meaning "Beyond, after or upon" going back to Aristotelean philosophy. Aristotle, who taught that all things derive from a single first cause or Arche.
Including the studies of being and existence, definition of entities physical or mental. Studying Gods (Monotheism, Polytheism, Atheism / Panentheism-Pantheism) and our world, questioning the devine, existence, creation and spiritual matters for the human kind on Earth.
Metaphysics is the good study of "Ora-lege-relege-labora et invenies meaning that "Read-reread-work and you will discover" is truely correct in the general but also science field as well as trying to find out "Cogito ergo sum - I think therefore I am" can be real or just another missleading conception in our current dimension.
Metaphysics is the Universe / space-time, Earth/Nature and us / living creatures.
Metaphysics is necessary, without it we never would ask questions, nor doubt or explore deeper inside the known or unknown. We would never question our own mind and thinking that everything has a mind rather than everything exists in a mind. We know that we have a body (habeas corpus) but many of us walk around not questioning nor trying to find out what makes us click, just like empty minds. What if ... how could this happen ... what if the Earth is not real ... what if we actually do not exist at all and what could Earth and us be if we had made different decisions back then. Metaphysics most probably has been established/created through our religious questioning and our own question on existence. Why are we here, why is Earth here and everything around us -- is there anything missing or should it be different (in our own minds).
In ancient Greek all scientific questions were given to the Metaphysicians (Philosophers)
People always ask "Why / how do you know, forgetting that their questions have been answered and they should be happy but still go ahead and can not resist in asking that very last remaining famous question (as if knowing is mystery and the question itself secondary important at this moment). So always be prepared to be asked that last remaining question "How do you know" ?!
Because of this "How do you know" `question` a new branch of philosophy developed called `Epistemology` (how we know).
Metaphysics (traditionally) attempts to answer two of our basic questions in the easiest to understand way: a) What is there and b) what is it like.
It is rather difficult to define the absolute and correct fully bulletproof meaning of what Metaphysics all could mean and combine. Trying to explain what/who we are and what we are doing in this world surrounded by other unknowns and beyond.
Master of Metaphysical Healing Lesson 18 Kelly Lefcourt, Spiritual Counselor
1. How would a Traditional Healer go about doing absent healing for a patient in a mental asylum? They would make a doll out of wood or leather, make it look as closely as possible to the person including placing something that belongs to the patient on the doll.
2. Mrs. Jones suffers from Rheumatism. She has written to you and requested you to do absent healing for her. Explain how you would go about this. I would have her name, address, birthdate and if possible something that belongs to her. I would prepare the room I am working in by placing crystals, fresh flowers and burn incense. I would meditate prior to starting and make sure during the entire time I am not disturbed. 3. Why is exorcism dangerous. It is dangerous as depending on the entity it could kill the person it is possessing and/or it could end up possessing the person performing the exorcism.
4. Are all possession states evil? No sometimes it is an entity that is confused.
5. Name the different kinds of people who are needed for an exorcism. Spiritual Leader that has a strong personality, two, strong men, a doctor and a psychologist. 6. What is the difference between a Traditional Doctor and a Witchdoctor? Witchdoctors use herbs and such to harm people and property.
7. What do sorcerers use 'ibeklo' for? They put it in a home or rub it in the grass and pathways so that when the innocent person walks on it, they will become very ill.
8. In tribal life, how do people define the different types of mental illness? They believe that the person is possessed or is practicing witchcraft.
9. How do they cast out a possessing spirit? They do so by singing and dancing until the person vomits or purges the spirit out.
Neither Traditional nor Spiritual Healers choose their profession, but enter it as a result of a "Call of Priesthood" or "Twasa". While some may be born with "one ounce more of spirituality", in many cases it is precipitated by mental or physical trauma that does not respond to any form of treatment. When all conventional forms of treatment have failed, the person will then be drawn to seek help from a qualified Traditional Doctor or experienced Spiritual Healer whom his/her ancestors/guides deem most suitable. The Healer enters into the profession with humility rather than vanity, and a sense of duty to the public, and becomes apprenticed to his/her mentor. In the African culture, however, the initiate traditional healer's duties can include cooking, cleaning and house duties for their mentor, to reinforce the importance of humility.
The training of the initiate involves self-healing, under the guidance of their Mentor, who encourages him/her to find the answers to questions from within. Strong emphasis is placed on the interpretation of dreams and their healing properties. The initiate traditional healer will also be encouraged to remain celibate, cleanse the physical body, abstain from harmful practices and to undergo several years of training. Fasting and periods of solitude are common to both forms of initiation.
Both Traditional Healers and Spiritual Healers believe in a Supreme Being and Spirit Helpers. Traditional Healers direct their prayers and worship in the form of sacrifices, to God via the spirits of their ancestors. Both Traditional and Spiritual Healers work under the guidance of Ancestors although Spiritual Healers more commonly refer to them as "Healing and teaching guides, ascended masters and archangels" etc.
Both recognize that God is omnipotent and dwells in allthings. Therefore all things have spirit and can be communicated with through intent and by becoming one with the elements of nature. To this end it is accepted by both groups that the unconscious/subconscious communicates through dreams/symbols/metaphors. These dreams are believed to be messages from ancestral spirits or guides and the traditional healer initiate must relate his/her dreams to their mentor daily for interpretation. It is believed that these dreams can give insight to the character of the initiate.
Both recognize that physical illness originates from the emotional or mental state of dis-stress, and treat the patient holistically i.e. "when part of me is ill, the whole of me is ill" and the patient is thus treated physically, mentally, emotionally and spiritually. This applies not only to the individual but to community as well.
Both groups place great importance with dreams and interpretations thereof. To afflicted persons dreams serve as pointers indicating how they should seek help. They may also have a diagnostic value, direct the timing of events, and are therapeutic in nature. Both groups accept the importance of dreams. Traditional Healer Initiates sometimes place bark from a dream tree under their sleeping mats, while others sleep with a piece in their cheeks.
Whilst Traditional Healers communicate with their ancestors and use bones, Spiritual Healers will use a pendulum, dowsing rod or cards for the same purpose. Some spiritual healers are clairaudant and can clearly hear the voices of their healing guides talking to them whilst they are in consultation with a patient. Both parties also do healing over great distances, often with a picture or piece of hair being used to create "a connection" between themselves and their patient.
It is acknowledged that the speed at which the trainee learns is dictated by the ancestors/guides and that everything happens at the right time and in the correct sequence. Some Traditional Healers can take up to six years and more to qualify and with Spiritual Healing, in South Africa the training can last from six months to a year.
Sound and movement – music, chanting and rhythmic movement play an important role in the ceremonies and ritualsof both groups and from the first day the initiate traditional healer will be taught how to regain his/her health through singing and dancing. His/her mentor will also teach the student traditional steps and music.
The therapeutic and ritualistic use of color is common to both. Ceremonies performed by both groups most frequently take place in the form of a circle, with either a fire or candles at the center, prayers and meditationor singing and dancing. The aim is to generate sufficient power for the ancestors or guides to be able to communicate. Water is also often used as an integral part of the ceremony, with great emphasis being placed on the importance of spiritual and personal cleanliness. The purpose of such rituals and gatherings is to increase the outer and inner energy to enable the student to achieve an altered state of consciousness.
Both groups have an understanding of "a seat of energy" Traditional and Spiritual Healers both recognize the importance of shifting through each of the Chakras, to open and clear the mind for greater understanding and wisdom, as well for interpreting messages from the ancestors/Spirit Guides. (Spiritual Healers refer to kundalini while Traditional Healers refer umbelini) Both groups also learn how to utilise this energy for healing.
The sacrifice and blood letting of animals forms an integral part of rituals performed by Traditional Healers. Animals are however, humanely slaughtered by first giving them a mixture of herbs to sedate and calm them before their lives are taken. Whilst not all Spiritual Healers subscribe to the Christian Faith, the Old Testament cites cases where people were called upon to make animal sacrifices to God.
As with Traditional Healers, most Spiritual Healers accumulate objects from nature (feathers, shells, wood, crystals etc) that they carry with them or have nearby whilst performing healings. It is believed that these objects have positive energy and which also help to enhance their healing abilities.
Bridging the Communication Gap between Traditional Healers and Western Medicine
There are currently more than 350,000 traditional and spiritual healers operating in South Africa as opposed to +-93,000 Western Allopathic Doctors. The Traditional Healer System, in which 75% to 80% of South Africans consult traditional and spiritual healers, is a rich and well-established Indigenous Knowledge System and while supplementary training in primary health care subjects is important, the primary objective must to preserve cultural knowledge for the benefit of future generations and the present society.
80% of South African Traditional Healers are illiterate and while supplementary training in primary health care is essential, if they are forced to conform to bio-medical models of instructionthey will no longer be able practice the ancient sciences recognise the spiritual elements contained in natural healing methods. Traditional Healers work with the four elements, converse with their ancestors, learn through taste, smell, intuitionand where language tends to distort, move into poetry, chant, rhythm and ritual to speed up the learning process. Unable to read or write they rely on memory and visual aid enhance their ability to remember. In addition, the Western view of time is diametrically opposed to the Africanview. The difference in the two views of this concept alone illustrates completely different approaches and attitudes to life, humanity, and to work and business. It affects the way we interact with one another and the difficulty Africans and Westerners sometimes have in understanding the other's motivation and behaviour.
Teaching methods, therefore, need to be designed to accommodate Indigenous Knowledge Systems when it comes to the development of a curriculum and methodology of training traditional healers on primary health care subjects. In addition to ancestral training, they need to be well informed on health and disease conditions, which information their clients would also be exposed to through ongoing health education so that as practitioners they gradually achieve a broader orientation to problems they are likely to see daily. This would also provide a common frame of reference between the practitioners. Ideally, Traditional Healers should be allowed to accompany their clients to the hospital. This would also help to speed up history taking. In addition, they should be allowed to visit their patients in the hospital and continue with certain treatments so that after discharge from hospital, the traditional healer can continue with follow up care.